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一生中不能错过的全球十大博物馆
来源:21英语网    日期: 2014-05-16

5月18日是世界博物馆日。说起博物馆,你会想到甚么?是学校组织夏令营的必往景点?还是老爸老妈帮你开辟眼界的生动教材?抑或是高大上的约会殿堂?世界上的每座博物馆都记录着一段尘封的历史,带你穿越时空的阻隔,往探访每件珍品背后的故事。究竟有哪些博物馆是凯时手机版官网app尽不能错过的呢?今天,小伙伴们就跟随世纪君的脚步,一起往围观全球最值得一往的博物馆~

法国卢浮宫
Le Louvre, Paris, France

 
两百年前的卢浮宫是中世纪法国国王的城堡。如今作为世界级的博物馆,卢浮宫收躲了无数艺术珍品。馆躲中的爱神维纳斯雕像、成功女神像和达芬奇所作的蒙娜丽莎画像是游人们不愿错过的三件珍品。

The Louvre was a medieval fortress and the palace of the kings of France before becoming a museum two centuries ago. The museum’s collections, which range from antiquity to the first half of the 19th century, are among the most important in the world. On their first visit to the Louvre, people often want to see the museum's three great ladies — the Venus de Milo, the Victory of Samothrace, and Mona Lisa.

伦敦大英博物馆
The British Museum, London, England

 
大英博物馆是英国最大的博物馆,馆躲超过800万件珍品,展现了考古和人类历史上的伟大发现。从史前化石到雅典帕特农神庙浮雕,从亚述建筑到精美珠宝,实在使人满目琳琅。

Britain’s largest museum looks after the national collection of archaeology and ethnography—more than eight million objects ranging from prehistoric bones to chunks of Athens’ Parthenon, from whole Assyrian palace rooms to exquisite gold jewels.

纽约大都会博物馆
The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, New York
, US
 
纽约大都会博物馆被誉为西半球最大的艺术类博物馆,馆躲高达200多万件,涵盖古今各类艺术品。一些特定领域的躲品极为丰富,乃至可以单独成为一座博物馆。

The Metropolitan Museum of Art is the largest museum in the Western Hemisphere. Its collection of more than two million items is not only broad—covering the entire world, from antiquity to the present—but deep, with holdings so large in a number of areas that some might be considered museums unto themselves.

故宫博物院(故宫)
The Palace Museum, Beijing, China

 
故宫博物院座落在北京紫禁城内。这里是明清两朝天子的宫殿,已有500年左右的历史。博物馆馆躲以清代皇家收躲为主,也有后来从其他博物馆移交的文物和现代的考古发现。

The Palace Museum is housed in the Forbidden City, the Chinese imperial palace from the Ming Dynasty to the end of the Qing Dynasty. It is located in the middle of Beijing, China. For almost five centuries, it served as the home of the Emperor and his household. The collections of the Palace Museum are based on the Qing imperial collection. This collection was expanded in the 20th century with new acquisitions, transfers from other museums, and new archaeological discoveries.

埃及博物馆
Egyptian Museum, Cairo, Egypt

 
馆内聚集了埃及最伟大的文物躲品。其中图坦卡蒙国王的随葬品,特别是他著名的金面具就足以吸引万千游人前来参观。
This enormous neo-classical building houses the greatest collection of Egyptian antiquities in the world. The fascination with Tutankhamen means many visitors head there simply to see the treasures buried with him including his famous gold mask.

奥地利盔甲博物馆
The Zeughaus Museum, Innsbruck, Austria

 
奥地利盔甲博物馆收躲了枪、剑、盔甲等近3万件武器类躲品,展现了奥地利悠久的军事历史。
Home to close to 30,000 pieces of historical weaponry, the Zeughaus Museum in Austria represents the area's rich military heritage. The museum's collection includes guns, swords, and armor, including this complete set of armor for a horse.

梵蒂冈博物馆
The Vatican Museums, Vatican

 
梵蒂冈博物馆由22个独立的展馆组成,每一个都让游人叹为观止。其中最著名的有展现精美古典雕像的庇奥-克里门提诺博物馆,意大利艺术家拉斐尔的壁画画室,收躲中世纪文艺复兴画作的梵蒂冈画廊,和可以一睹米开朗基罗壁画的西斯廷教堂。

Twenty-two separate collections comprise the Musei Vaticani, each one more spectacular than the next. The most famous are probably the Museo Pio-Clementino, with its splendid classical sculpture; the Raphael Rooms, entire rooms painted by Raphael; the Pinacoteca (picture gallery), which contains the cream of the Vatican’s collection of medieval and Renaissance paintings; and, of course, Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel.

俄罗斯艾尔米塔什博物馆(冬宫)
State Hermitage, Saint Petersburg, Russia

 
艾尔米塔什博物馆又称冬宫,座落在俄罗斯涅瓦河畔。博物馆不中中断搜集世界收躲,如今300多万的馆躲可直通石器时期到20世纪初。

The Hermitage has managed to acquire a spectacular collection of world art—more than three million items—spanning the years from the Stone Age to the early 20th century. The museum occupies six buildings along the Neva River, the leading structure being the confection-like Winter Palace.

日本东京国立博物馆
Tokyo National Museum,Tokyo, Japan


日本东京国立博物馆是日本历史最悠久的博物馆,也是日本最大的一个艺术博物馆。馆躲多为日本古代艺术品和亚洲艺术品,包括雕像,绘画,书法等作品。

The Tokyo National Museum, established in 1872, is the oldest Japanese national museum, and the largest art museum in Japan.
The museum's collections focus on ancient Japanese art and Asian art, displaying sculptures, paintings, calligraphy, archaeological objects, and other decorative arts.

德国森根堡自然博物馆
The Natural History Museum in Senckenberg, Frankfurt, Germany

 
德国森根堡自然博物馆是德国最大的自然博物馆之一,这里展现了生物的多样性和进化进程,地球几百万年间的变化,和人类在生物学、古生物学和地质学方面的最新发现。

凯时手机版官网app The Museum is one of the largest Natural History Museums in Germany and exhibits the recent biodiversity of life and evolution of organisms as well as the change of planet earth over millions of years. New scientific findings in all areas of biology, paleontology and geology are on display.





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